In contrast to previous urban studies, which focused solely on phenomenological characteristics of urban space, space syntax researchers have made significant progress toward quantifiable knowledge of space. Hillier and Hanson (1984) discovered a spatial logic with social implications during their work. In this logic of space, spaces are depicted as networks made up of diverse spatial elements. The network configurations are determined by the depth of a spatial element with other spatial features. Each local event was given a spatial component by Hillier and Hanson. These parts are linked together to create a network that represents a synchronized vision of space. They saw human space experience as a local manifestation of a global phenomenon that explains the collective activity of cities.
They discovered several abstract and quantitative spatial patterns in their research using this strategy, which they constructed with the help of other academics using space syntax theory. The mathematical logic latent in an existing spatial arrangement was highlighted by space syntax theory. Because cities are diachronic patterns that change over time, space syntax theory cannot be limited to a synchronic approach. The work contributes to past research in the field of spatial syntactic perspective by broadening the theory’s boundaries. This type of study would be beneficial in supporting the urban design process and devising sensitive methods to help cities survive and improve.
According to Jane Jacobs, cities are organized complexity problems (1974). They are caused by a slew of interconnected factors, each of which contributes to the emergent behavior of cities in different ways. The study focuses on the spatial side of organized complexity in cities, with space syntax in cities understood as networks interconnecting spatial aspects. We believe that space is the most critical factor in creating cities. Findings from Space Syntax, which revealed a 70% connection between the spatial organization and pedestrian mobility in cities, may support this approach (Hillier1996a, 50). Hillier says that high spatial integration values help boost city socioeconomic activity by increasing the chance of passing and transit traffic. His ideas are based on observations of how land use and spatial structure interact in actual urban areas. Based on these findings, this study will focus on the spatial features of organized complexity in cities, as geography can be considered a major influencing factor in creating organized complexity. According to their study, other potential causes in city expansion, such as historical, economic, and political considerations, are thus more likely to be the product of emergent behavior in the spatial grid.